Vibrio cholerae bacteria

Mode of Transmission

Eating of food or drinking of water contaminated with human waste.

Signs and Symptoms

Sudden onset of frequent painless watery stools


Rapid dehydration (e.g. sunken eyeballs, wrinkled and dry skin)


Replace lost body fluid by giving Oral Rehydration Solution (ORESOL) or a homemade solution composed of 1 teaspoon of salt, 4 teaspoons of sugar mix to 1liter of water. If diarrhea persists, consult your health workers or bring the patient to the nearest hospital.

Prevention and Control

Drink only safe and clean water. If unsure, boil drinking water (Upon reaching boiling point, extend boiling for two or more minutes), or

Do water chlorination.

Keep food away from insects and rats by covering it.

Wash and cook food properly.

Sanitary disposal of human waste.

Use toilet properly and clean toilet everyday.

Wash hands with soap after using toilet and before eating.

Keep surroundings clean to prevent flies and other insects and rodents from breeding.