Designation of air sheds
The Secretary of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), upon recommendation of the Environmental Management Bureau (EMB), will divide the country into different air sheds. Air sheds are to be designated based on climate, weather, meteorology and topology, which affect the mixture and diffusion of pollutants in the air, share common interests or face similar development problems. DENR Administrative Order No. 2002-05 and Memorandum Circular No. 2002-1 dated January 23, 2002 provided initial designation of the Metro Manila air shed (NCR, Region III, and Region IV-A) and the creation of its interim governing board.
Management of air sheds
Air sheds are to be managed by multi-sectoral Governing Boards chaired by the Secretary of the DENR with representatives from the local government’s concerned (province/city/municipality), the private sector, people’s organizations, NGOs and concerned government agencies.
Functions of Governing Boards
Each Governing Board shall:
- Formulate policies and standards subject to national laws;
- Prepare a common action plan;
- Coordinate its members;
- Submit and publish an annual Air Quality Status Report for their airshed.
To carry out the day-to-day work of the board, a nine-member Executive Committee is to be elected at large by the members of the Governing Board. Technical Working Groups are also to be formed to ensure broader participation of all stakeholders. The EMB will serve as the technical secretariat of each Governing Board.
Air Quality Management Fund
An Air Quality Management Fund (AQMF), to be administered by the DENR, through the Bureau, as a special account in the National Treasury, shall be established to finance containment, removal and cleanup operations of the government in air pollution cases, guarantee restoration of ecosystems and rehabilitate areas affected by violations to the Act, support research, enforcement and monitoring activities of the relevant agencies. Such fund may likewise be allocated per air shed for the undertakings herein stated.
Sources for the AQMF shall include: air emission charges from industries and motor vehicles; fines and penalties for non-compliance with air pollution standards; grants from both private sector and donor organizations; and a limited percentage (5 to 10%) of the proceeds of the Program Loan for the Metro Manila Air Quality Improvement Sector Development Program.
Department of Environment and Natural Resources. (2003, August). Primer on the Clean Air Act. Diliman: DENR-Public Affairs Office.