Hepatitis A

It is caused by the Hepatitis A virus (HAV).

Mode of Transmission

  • Ingestion of food contaminated with human waste and urine of persons who are sick of Hepatitis A

Signs and Symptoms

  • fever
  • flu-like symptoms: weakness, muscle and joint aches, loss of appetite, dizziness with or without vomitting
  • abdominal discomfort
  • after few days, jaundice may follow

Immediate Treatment

  • No specific medicine to cure the patient or shorten the course of illness.
  • Sick persons shuld be isolated, advised to rest, take plenty of luids and avoid fatty foods.
  • Patient who fail to take fluids or are too weak to eat are sometimes brought for intravaneous administration of fluids and vitamins.

Prevention and Control

  • Wash hands after using the toilet, before preapring food and before eating
  • Dispose human waste properly.
  • Thoroughly cook oysters, clams, other shellfish for 4 minutes or steamed for 1 minute and 30 seconds.
  • Practice safe handling and storage of food and water.

The disease is self-limiting and may last for 1 to 2 weeks.  Patient often recovers even without treatment.