Typhoid Fever

Cause:  Salmonella Typhi Bacteria

Mode of Transmission

  • Ingestion of food and water contaminated with human waste

Signs and Symptoms

  • Sustained high fever
  • Headache
  • Malaise (weakness)
  • Anorexia (loss of appetite)
  • Diarrhea or constipation and abdominal discomfort

Prevention and Control

  • Boil water for drinking. (Upon reaching boiling point, extend boiling for two or more minutes) or
  • Do water chlorination
  • Cook food well and always use food cover to prevent flies and other insects from contaminating them.
  • Wash thoroughly all vegetables and fruits especially those that are eaten raw.
  • Avoid eating street vended foods.
  • Wash hands with soap and water after using the toilet and before eating.
  • Keep surrounding cleam to prevent breeding of flies.