What types of tests are performed on donated blood?

Name of Office: National Voluntary Blood Services Program (NVBSP)

After blood is drawn, it is tested for ABO group (blood type) and RH type (positive or negative). Test for unexpected red blood cell antibodies that may cause problems for the recipient can be performed upon the request of the patient's attending physician. Screening tests performed are listed below:

  • Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)
  •  Hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV)/ antigen (HCV Ag)
  • HIV-1 and HIV-2 antibody (anti-HIV-1 and anti-HIV-2) antigen (HIV-1 and HIV-2 Ag)
  • Serologic test for syphilis
  •  Nucleic acid amplification testing (NAT) for HIV-1, HCV and HBV if available