Micronutrient Powder

By whom, where and when was Micronutrient Powder supplement developed? Has it been tested?

Micronutrient Powder (named "Sprinkles" at that time) was discovered by Professor Stanley Zlotkin in Canada in 1996. It has already been tested and even implemented as a part of emergency relief in many countries around the world.

Can Micronutrient Powder (MNP) be given to children without mixing it to food?

It is not recommended to use Micronutrient Powder (MNP) without mixing it into food first because the child may not like the taste and will be difficult to swallow. It's better to mix it into food to ensure the child eats it.

Can Micronutrient Powder (MNP) be used by Muslims who follow traditional food practices?

Yes, it can be used by the Muslims. Neither alcohol nor pork products are used in the production of Micronutrient Powder (MNP). They have Halal Certification.

Can Micronutrient Powder (MNP) be used in emergency rations?

Micronutrient Powder (MNP) can be added to any regular home-based semi-solid complimentary food. Emergency rations are suitable for the addition of Micronutrient Powder (MNP) increasing the nutritive value of the provided food. Micronutrient supplement has been used in emergency relief aid in northern Philippines, Bangladesh, Indonesia and Haiti.

Can Micronutrient Powder (MNP) be used in fluid drinks like milk, tea or juice?

If Micronutrient Powder (MNP) is mixed into liquids, the micronutrients will float to the top of the liquids and tend to stick to the side of the cup or glass and therefore some will be lost in the process. It is therefore recommended not to add Micronutrient Powder (MNP) to liquids.

Can Micronutrient Powder (MNP) cause addiction?

Micronutrient Powder (MNP) contains Vitamins and Minerals. Unlike tea/coffee and other substances, Vitamins and Minerals are not addictive.

Can Micronutrient Powder (MNP) cause diarrhea?

There have been no reports of diarrhea from the micronutrient supplement in young children. Diarrhea occurs due to other factors such as unhygienic food or unhygienic environment or contaminated water.

Does Micronutrient Powder (MNP) have any side effects?

Studies conducted in other countries concluded that micronutrient supplement has no side effects. But because of the iron content in Micronutrient Powder (MNP), a child's stool may be darker than normal. Unabsorbed iron makes the child's stool darker which is not of concern.

For children who are receiving high dose Vitamin A capsules twice yearly is there any concern about Vitamin A toxicity if they are receive Micronutrient Powder (MNP), which also contain Vitamin A?

There is no risk of toxicity. The dose of Vitamin A in Micronutrient Powder (MNP) is formulated to help the child meet the daily Vitamin A requirement. When WHO initiated the high dose capsules, they did not stipulate that the child receiving the supplement should not eat food containing Vitamin A. Indeed they recommended an age appropriate diet which would contain all micronutrients, including Vitamin A.

How is Micronutrient Powder (MNP) used? Does it need cooking?

Micronutrient Powder (MNP) does not need cooking. It can be sprinkled and mixed with cooked regular home based food on the basis of one sachet per child per day.

If this is used for emergency relief, why is it being recommended now for daily use?

Several studies have shown the effectiveness of Micronutrient Powder (MNP) in improving micronutrient status and reducing the burden associated with micronutrient deficiencies like iron deficiency anemia.

Is Micronutrient Powder (MNP) a medicine?

No, Micronutrient Powder (MNP) is not a medicine but it is a powdered nutrient supplement or food supplement for children 6-59 months that contains 15 essential vitamins and minerals that promote optimum growth and development in children.

Is Micronutrient Powder (MNP) safe?

Micronutrient Powder (MNP) is a power blend of vitamins and minerals, and very safe and effective in reducing micronutrient malnutrition.

Is it safe to provide Micronutrient Powder (MNP) to healthy non-anemic infants?

Yes, the amount of micronutrients in Micronutrient Powder (MNP) sachet is high enough to meet the needs of infants with micronutrient deficiencies (e.g. Iron Deficiency Anemia) but not too high for those who do not have deficiencies. Thus, it is safe to use Micronutrient Powder (MNP) even in infants without micronutrient deficiencies.

Is there any chance of overdosing of Micronutrient Powder (MNP) if a child consumes more than 2 sachets?

The potential for overdose is unlikely because numerous individual packages (approximately 20 sachets) would have to be opened and ingested to reach toxicity levels.

Is there are possibility of Zinc overdosing if separate Zinc is given during diarrhea as well as in Micronutrient Powder?

Zinc supplementation is given especially for diarrhea. Zinc present in Micronutrient Powder (MNP) is based on the recommended dietary allowance (RDA), so there is no chance of overdosing.

Should Micronutrient Powder (MNP) be continued even if a child is sick?

Micronutrient Powder (MNP) can be continued even if the child is sick. The child needs extra vitamins and minerals to recover from the illness, so it should be continued.

Should consumption of other vitamins be stopped when using Micronutrient Powder (MNP)?

There is no need to stop other vitamins. The more vitamins consumed by a child, the better. Micronutrient Powder (MNP) is a nutrient supplement that contains many vitamins and minerals to support optimal growth and development in young children.


What are the benefits of Micronutrient Powder (MNP)?

  • Prevent micronutrient deficiencies specially anemia
  • Improve the body's immune system
  • Improve a child's appetite
  • Improve a child's ability to learn and develop
  • Makes a child clever, strong and active


What are the substances in the Micronutrient Powder (MNP) sachet?

Micronutrient Powder (MNP) contains a recommended daily allowance of 15 different vitamins and minerals: Vitamins A, D, E, B1, B2, B6, B12, C, NIacin, Folate, Iron, Zinc, Copper, Selenium and Iodine.

What is the dose of Micronutrient Powder (MNP)?

60 sachets only for 6-11 months and 120 sachets only for 12-23 months.

What would happen if a child consumes more than one sachet of Micronutrient Powder (MNP) a day?

One sachet of Micronutrient Powder (MNP) per child per day provides an adequate intake of vitamins and minerals for children.

When is the best time to mix Micronutrient Powder (MNP) into a child's food?

It is recommended to give Micronutrient Powder (MNP) containing food to a child when the child eats most as per habit. It can be given any time during the day.

Who should be given Micronutrient Powder (MNP)?

Infants and children aged 6-23 months should be given MNP per child per day.

Why is it necessary to give Micronutrient Powder (MNP) supplementation to young children?

Micronutrient deficiencies lead to various disorders like Iron Deficiency Anemia, Vitamin A Deficiency, and Iodine Deficiency Disorder; which lead to impaired motor development and growth, decreased immunity as well as adversely affect intellectual development and mental capacity. To prevent children from such disorders, it is very important to give MNP.

Why were micronutrient supplements like Micronutrient Powder (MNP) developed?

It was observed that the standard iron drops were not effective, as adherence to treatment remained poor. A simple, inexpensive and potentially viable new method to provide micronutrients was conceptualized. Responding to the challenge, micronutrient supplements (with different brand names) were developed. "Sprinkles" was the first brand developed by the "Sprinkles Global Health Initiative" at The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto.

Will Micronutrient Powder (MNP) increase appetite for food?

Since Micronutrient Powder (MNP) contains essential Vitamins and Minerals important to improve a child's immunity, the child will be healthy. A healthy child will have a good and increased appetite for food. Continuous use of Micronutrient Powder (MNP) will improve a child's health and increase the appetite for food.