Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a brain disorder characterized by repeated seizures (“fits”) which may take many forms, ranging from the shortest lapse of attention to severe and frequent convulsions.

Signs and Symptoms

• loss of awareness/consciousness
• disturbances of movement
• sensation including vision, hearing and taste
• automatic function, mood and mental function

* attacks may vary in frequency from less than one per year to several per day

Causes

• excessive electrical discharges in a group of brain cells
• any kind of brain disease can cause seizures (e.g. infection, injury, vascular, tumor, congenital and degenerative)
• imbalance of the chemical neurotransmitter in the brain
• some provocative factors in some patients for epilepsy like photic stimulation (disco lights, television, computers, etc.)
• over breathing
• over hydration
• loss of sleep
• emotional and physical stress

Treatment

• Available anti-epileptic medications are effective and cost efficient.
• About 70% of newly diagnosed cases can be succesfully treated with an anti-epileptic medication that is taken without interruption.